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National Insect Week returns in 2022

Record Insect Species

What is a biological record?

Four pieces of information about an insect that you find:

  • WHAT the name of the species of insect.
  • WHO the name of the person who found the insect.
  • WHERE the location the insect was found ine.g. Ordnance Survey grid reference, postcode or nearest named location.
  • WHEN the calendar date the insect was found

Other information could include the habitat, food plant, time of day, weather, life stage of the insect, trapping or survey method.  A photograph or video may be taken of the insect and in some cases a voucher specimen.



Why do we make biological records of insect species?

Biological records build a picture of where an insect species occurs (distribution), when it occurs in the year (phenology) and the habitat the insect is associated with (ecology).

To monitor insect species, and see whether they are increasing or decreasing, we need detailed biological records to be collated over time.  Your records can help ‘measure the health’ of insects in the UK.

How do we submit biological records to a recording scheme?

The best way in the UK is to use the smartphone application iRecord which is available for android on Google Play and for apple in the App Store.  

You can use iRecord on your phone in your garden or at home when you see an insect.  Your phone camera can take an image and upload it to the app, so even if you are not sure what the insect is, someone else can hopefully work out 'What' the insect is.  You will create an account with iRecord which will provide the 'Who' information.  The GPS on the smartphone can provide the 'Where' information and lastly you can enter the 'When' information, which can also come from image file data. 

You can also submit records on the iRecord website with an internet browser.

Data from iRecord is communicated to expert recorders around the UK, who will verify and compile data on a particular group of insects.

 

You can find out more about recording schemes and experts for particular groups of insects (and a few non insects) from the following list, this is from the Biological Record Centre and the National Biodiversity NetworkYour Local Environment Record Centre may have details of local recording schemes in your area.  If you are in the Republic of Ireland please look at the National Biodiversity Data Centre for information on biological recording.

taxonomic order

common name(s)

recording scheme URL

Coleoptera

aquatic beetles

https://www.latissimus.org/?page_id=24

Coleoptera

Soldier beetles, jewel beetles & glow-worms

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/buprestidae/home

Coleoptera

Ground beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/carabidae/home

Coleoptera

Longhorn beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/cerambycidae/home

Coleoptera

Seed and leaf beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/chrysomelidae/home

Coleoptera

Lily beetle

https://www.rhs.org.uk/science/help-our-research/lily-beetle

Coleoptera

Rosemary beetle

https://www.rhs.org.uk/science/help-our-research/rosemary-beetle

Coleoptera

Ladybird beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/coccinellidae/home

Coleoptera

Weevils & bark beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/curculionoidea/home

Coleoptera

Hide, larder

& carpet beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/dermestidae/home

Coleoptera

Click beetles & allies

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/elateroidea/home

Coleoptera

Clown beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/histeridae/home

Coleoptera

Dung beetles

https://dungbeetlemap.wordpress.com/2016/03/27/15/

Coleoptera

Marsh beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/scirtidae/home

Coleoptera

Carrion, burying,

sexton beetles & relatives

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/silphidae/home

Coleoptera

Rove beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/scheme/staphylinidae

Coleoptera

Stenini rove beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/stenini/home

Coleoptera

Darkling beetles

https://www.coleoptera.org.uk/tenebrionoidea/home

Coleoptera

Oil beetles

https://www.buglife.org.uk/get-involved/surveys/wales-oil-beetle-survey/

Coleoptera

Stag beetles

https://ptes.org/get-involved/surveys/garden/great-stag-hunt/stag-hunt-survey/

 

 

 

Diptera

Leaf-mining flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/agromyzidae-scheme/home

Diptera

Root maggot flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/anthomyiid-scheme/home

Diptera

Blowflies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/calliphoridae-scheme/home

Diptera

Non-biting midges

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/chironomidae-group/home

Diptera

Frit flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/chloropid-group/home

Diptera

thick-headed flies,

spear-winged flies

& picture-winged flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/conopidae-scheme/home

Diptera

Mosquitoes

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/mosquitoes-scheme/home

Diptera

Meniscus midges

& trickle midges

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/dixidae-scheme/home

Diptera

Dagger flies, dance flies

& long-legged flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/empid-allies-scheme/home

Diptera

Spiny-winged flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/heleomyzid-scheme/home

Diptera

Fungus gnats

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/fungus-gnat-scheme/home

Diptera

Stilt & stalk flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/micropezid-allies-scheme/home

Diptera

Warble-flies & bots

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/oestridae-scheme/home

Diptera

Big-headed flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/pipunculidae-group/home

Diptera

Flat-footed Flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/flat-footed-fly-scheme/home

Diptera

Dung-flies and relatives

http://scathophagidae.myspecies.info/

Diptera

Snail-killing flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/snail-killing-flies-scheme/home

Diptera

Ensign flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/sepsid-scheme/home

Diptera

Soldierflies & Allies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/soldierflies-allies-scheme/home

Diptera

Hoverflies

http://www.hoverfly.org.uk/

Diptera

Parasitic flies

https://tachinidae.org.uk/blog/

Diptera

Fruit flies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/tephritid-flies-scheme/home

Diptera

Craneflies

https://www.dipterists.org.uk/cranefly-scheme/home

Diptera

Hemerocallis gall midge

https://www.rhs.org.uk/science/help-our-research/hemerocallis-gall-midge

 

 

 

Ephemeroptera

Mayflies

http://www.riverflies.org/ephemeroptera-mayflies-or-wing-flies

 

 

 

Hemiptera

Leafhoppers & froghoppers

http://www.ledra.co.uk/

Hemiptera

Spittlebugs

https://www.spittlebugsurvey.co.uk/

Hemiptera

Water bugs

https://aquaticbugs.com/

Hemiptera

Shield bugs & allies

http://www.britishbugs.org.uk/

Hemiptera

Plant bugs & allies

http://www.britishbugs.org.uk/

Hemiptera

plant lice

http://www.britishbugs.org.uk/

 

 

 

Hymenoptera

Bees, wasps & ants

https://www.bwars.com/

Hymenoptera

Parasitic wasps

https://www.brc.ac.uk/scheme/parasitic-wasps-recording-scheme

Hymenoptera

Sawflies

https://www.sawflies.org.uk/

Hymenoptera

Berberis sawfly

https://www.rhs.org.uk/science/help-our-research/berberis-sawfly

Hymenoptera

Asian Hornet Vespa velutina

http://www.nonnativespecies.org/alerts/index.cfm?id=4

 

 

 

Lepidoptera

Butterflies

https://butterfly-conservation.org/

Lepidoptera

Moths

http://www.mothscount.org/

Lepidoptera

Grass moths

https://www.brc.ac.uk/scheme/crambidae-pyralidae-recording-scheme

Lepidoptera

Twirler moths

https://www.gelechiid.co.uk/

Lepidoptera

Longhorn moths & allies

https://www.brc.ac.uk/scheme/incurvarioidea-recording-scheme

Lepidoptera

Leaf-mining moths

http://www.leafmines.co.uk/

Lepidoptera

Plume moths

https://www.brc.ac.uk/scheme/plume-moth-recording-scheme

 

 

 

Neuroptera

Lacewings, scorpion-flies, snake-flies & allies

http://lacewings.myspecies.info/

 

 

 

Odonata

Dragonflies & damselflies

https://british-dragonflies.org.uk/

 

 

 

Orthoptera

Grasshoppers, crickets, earwigs, cockroaches,

stick-insects & mantids

https://www.orthoptera.org.uk/

 

 

 

Plecoptera

Stoneflies

http://www.brc.ac.uk/schemes/RRS/plecoptera.htm

 

 

 

Psocoptera

Barkflies

https://www.brc.ac.uk/schemes/barkfly/homepage.htm

 

 

 

Siphonaptera

Fleas

https://www.brc.ac.uk/scheme/siphonaptera-recording-scheme

 

 

 

Trichoptera

Caddisflies

http://www.brc.ac.uk/schemes/RRS/trichoptera.htm

 

 

 

NON INSECTS

 

 

Collembola

Springtails

http://urweb.roehampton.ac.uk/collembola/

Arachnida

Spiders & Harvestmen

http://srs.britishspiders.org.uk/

Arachnida

Mites

http://www.soilbiodiversityuk.myspecies.info/

Arachnida

Ticks

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/tick-surveillance-scheme

Arachnida

Pseudoscorpions

http://www.chelifer.com/pseudos/

Myriapoda

Centipedes, millipedes, pauropods & symphylans

http://www.bmig.org.uk/

Isopoda

Woodlice & waterlice

http://www.bmig.org.uk/

Mollusca

Snails and slugs

http://www.conchsoc.org/

Annelida

Earthworms

https://www.earthwormsoc.org.uk/ners

 

Did you know?

Weighty weta

The giant weta from New Zealand is the heaviest known insect species, one individual was found to weigh 71g.

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